BIM- Building Information Modeling

Building information modeling (BIM) is a digital work method that uses virtual 3D models as the basis for planning, designing, building, managing and operating projects. 3D models contain more than just graphical information, allowing for additions that can be associated with each part of the building (such as material type, performance data and cost, for example). Essentially, models become a central repository of all important project information that can be shared with the entire project team. BIM can be used for any type of project, not just buildings – bridges, roads and other infrastructure projects can benefit from the use of BIM.

Building Information Modeling (BIM) – Future planning method

Construction projects have been a fragmented process, with drawings, documents, schedules, reports and specifications placed in different parts and in different formats. Sharing information between the various disciplines and companies involved is difficult and often leads to data loss or refactoring. BIM helps overcome this problem by ensuring that everyone working on the project has access to the most up-to-date information for more informed decisions.

With this open and collaborative approach, matches, errors and inconsistencies can be identified early and corrected in the design phase. As a result, considerable time and cost are saved during the construction phase. Simulations can also be done at an earlier stage using the central model – for example, to determine energy consumption or maintenance cost, so building operation can be improved. Communication between project teams is simplified and more effective because everyone has access to the most up-to-date information. The end result with BIM is a better quality project and building.


While BIM is known as the process of designing, constructing, managing and operating a construction project using a model-based method, it is so closely related to 3D modeling software that it is often mistakenly thought that BIM is software. We call it a digital work method because by using a central coordination model, BIM connects people using a transparent process and allows reliable and efficient project management through improved collaboration.

However, 3D modeling software used for BIM will need additional features not commonly found in CAD software, such as open BIM switching interfaces. This allows team members to share information through the BIM model using their favorite software.

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